18th Century to the Present
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Primary Source Analysis: Helps and Guidelines

Here's two approaches to how one might write an analysis of some primary source document. Note that these are sketches for an outline. A real outline for your paper will be more fleshed out with actual evidence that you have discovered in your library research.

A few further suggestions and injunctions that I will add to as they occur to me:

Sketch for an outline: toward a political or legislative analysis of the document

Philosophy of Manufactures (1835)
Author and Text context
summarizing the RELEVANT details of Ure's life
Note status as a man of science. Devotion to scientific persuits. In '35 in business for himself as a scientific 'consultant' the first such in Britain (WP)
Note references in text to the testimony of surgeons in particular Ure's peers
summarizing the circumstances of the publiction of The Philosophy of Manufactures
Response to complaint, what complaints? whose complaints?
see in the context of the Factories acts: A series of acts in the British parliament that spans the whole of the 19th Century and which progressively limited working hours for women and children.
The relevant act that provides context for this document: 1833 Factories act.
see: British Parliamentary Papers Volume 3: Employment of children in factories 1833. First Report of the commissioners with minutes of evidence and Reports of district commissioners.
This would appear to be the source for "statement made on oath to the Factory Commission" mentioned by Ure (Ure par.2)
Sadler's report? (Ure par.5) also reflected in commissioner's report?
* look up Sadler
deeper context 1802
Health and Morals of Apprentices Act and the 10 hr. movement to limit child labor to 10 hours a day
Political parties at work
Ure, because of his status as a scientist and 'consultant' was one of the formost contributors to a political debate that shaped 19th century political discussion of child labor.

Sketch for an outline: toward a social or aesthetic analysis of the document

Philosophy of Manufactures (1835)
Author and Text context
Summarizing the relavant details of Ure's life.
Middle-class, aspiring bourgeois son of a cheese monger.
Achieving professional status as a doctor and a scientist
divorced his wife 1819
pretty unusual. Did they have children
Philosophy of Manufactures
written 2 years after passage of the 1833 Factories act
British preoccupation with child labor
Early 19th century British attitudes toward children
investigate orphanage, wardship and fosterage
1865 publication of Alice in wonderland
Victorian Fairy paintings
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
John Anster Fitzgerald
Richard Dadd
Victorian Medievalism
Mention the later Vanderbilt's depiction as a Knight?
In this context, that Ure should speak of child labor as "The work of these lively elves" seems not out of place at all. The choice of this sort of imagery was entirely in keeping with early victorian taste and fashion. Moreover, as he himself was pretty unfamiliar with both children and manual labor (must check, did he have children), it is equally unsurprising that he might describe children's behavior after work thus:
As to exhaustion by the day's work, they evinced no trace of it on emerging from the mill in the evening; for they immediately began to skip about any neighbouring playground, and to commence their little amusements with the same alacrity as boys issuing from a school seemed to resemble a sport.
A statement like this likely reflects Ure's own experience of school rather than contemporary children's experience of factories.
Ure's attitudes can be regarded as typical of mid-19th cent. British society. The British bourgeois romantic taste for Medievalism and Orientalism reflected the cognitive dissonance of a class out of touch with the consequences of both industrialization and empire.